Dr Liam Fernand

Shelf Seas Physical Oceanographer

Liam has 30 years’ experience conducting oceanographic research in European shelf seas. Scientific achievements include redefining (along with collaborators) the circulation of the UK shelf seas and identifying the contribution of deep chlorophyll maximum in sustaining primary production. Participant on approx. 40 multi-disciplinary research cruises, 10 as Scientist in charge (upto 20 scientist on cruise). PI of many EU, Defra and international projects. For 10 years led the delivery of the physical science areas for the BEEMS (British Energy/EDF Maritime and Estuarine Studies) program related to the marine aspect of New Nuclear builds. Co-ordinating a team of modellers, coastal process experts and oceanographers linking to ecologists and water quality specialists.

Convenor of ICES Workshop on acidification 2007, steering group member of IOC/SCOR GEOHAB (Global Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms).  Supervisor/Examiner many Phds.  Dozens of paper reviews, Grant Reviewer.

Honorary Senior Lecturer at UEA, facilitator of Cefas Marine and Coastal Physis science topic.

1st Degree in Oceanography with Physics from Southampton University and PhD in Oceanography from University Wales.


Research Interests:

Shelfs sea oceanography and biogeochemistry, autonomous instrumentation. Linking numerical models and observations, making numerical models applicable. Presently Cefas PI of Campus – Combining autonomous instrumentation and modelling.



Google scholar h- 27

Research Gate


Selected Publications:

  • Most recent: Possenti, Luca; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Atamanchuk, Dariia; Tengberg, Anders; Humphreys, Matthew P; Loucaides, Socratis; Fernand, Liam; Kaiser, Jan; 2020 ,Norwegian Sea net community production estimated from O 2 and prototype CO 2 optode measurements on a Seaglider ,Ocean Science Discussions,12,785.
  • Fernand, Liam; Weston, Keith; Morris, Tom; Greenwood, Naomi; Brown, Juan; Jickells, Tim; 2013 , The contribution of the deep chlorophyll maximum to primary production in a seasonally stratified shelf sea, the North Sea ,Biogeochemistry,113,153-166.
  • Most cited: Weston, K; Fernand, L; Mills, DK; Delahunty, R; Brown, J; 2005 ,Primary production in the deep chlorophyll maximum of the central North Sea ,Journal of Plankton Research,27,909-922.